MEDITERRANEAN CULTURE AND HISTORY

THE BAY OF ROSES, CHOCK-FULL OF EMBLEMATIC PLACES

The Bay of Roses is steeped in culture and history, sharing many of the same attributes as other places along the Mediterranean: a past littered with wars, empires and impressive defensive fortresses; golden ages marked by intellectual movements; and above all, a wide-ranging cultural diversity that has enriched the northern side of the Costa Brava with knowledge, heritage and beauty. In this context, Roses and the surrounding area has plenty of cultural activities and historic buildings scattered about the city, such as the Citadel of Roses, the Castle, the Lighthouse, etc. If you spend your holidays at the Monterrey, don't miss out on the chance to discover the Medieval Roses, which will immerse you deep in the city's history.

THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ROSES

Inaugurated 1st September 1864, the Lighthouse of Roses formed part of a general plan carried out during the reign of Isabel II to light up the country's coastline and ports. The lighthouse's structure and purpose have withstood the passage of time, and it has adapted to society's changes: initially oil was used to fuel the operating system, and later it was changed to paraffin. In 1883 it began running on petroleum and finally in 1921 it was converted to electricity.
The Lighthouse of Roses still retains its original structure and garden, mostly built atop the coastal artillery battery, which was used to defend Trinity Castle. You can't miss it!

The Citadel of Roses

The Roses Citadel was listed as historic in 1961, the Citadel contains vestiges of different ages and occupations. The military fortification, with its monumental Sea Gate is a plot of 131,480 m2 Renaissance style was built in 1543. The interior is an important archaeological site where the remains of the Greek city of Rhodes, founded by the Rhodians in 776 BC, the Hellenistic district, who lived during the fourth century BC and the moments of greatest prosperity the city, the Roman villa, dated between the second century BC and sixth century AD, the monastery of Santa Maria romànicollombard the eleventh century, and the findings of the nineteenth century.

Trinity Castle

Trinity Castle which crowns the Poncella point above the lighthouse of Roses. The military construction, which dates from 1544, was erected under the reign of Emperor Charles I, as an essential complement to the Citadel. It has the shape of a five-pointed star, with pronounced angular corners for defence against enemy projectiles. It is built on a grand scale with two-metre thick walls. It had three terraces for batteries of cannons, howitzers and mortars, set at different heights, to defend the port and the coast, It had a garrison of up to two hundred men. The building remains an extraordinary example of coastal artillery fortress.

Dolmens and Fortifications.

This is a collection of megalithic monuments made ​​of different dolmens, menhirs, and inscultures cists, most notably for its size a dolmen in Cobertella Cross. (3000 BC)
One of the unique parts of Roses, hidden and little known are the remains of Visigothic Castrum. It is a fortified early medieval town built on top of a strategic hill overlooking the old town of Rhodes-Roses. (s.VII-VIII)
Bufalaranya Castle, which was built in the eighth century when the territory of Roses was integrated in the Carolingian Mark. Standing on a hill with difficult access its fortified perimeter has the characteristic of opus spicatum. (s. VIII-XIV)